Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt
Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt
Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt
Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt
Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt
Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt
Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt
Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt

Addax Angora Aoudad Axis Blackbuck buffalo Eland Elk Fallow Nilgai Red Stag Oryx Sika Water bufflo Watusi Whitetail Hog Yak Zebra Oklahoma Hunting Hunt
Exotics Wildlife Hunting Fishing Photography Deer Elk Buffalo Whitetail Hog Fun Oklahoma Outdoor Ranch

Part of the irresistible appeal of Triple S Wildlife Ranch is the opportunity to see both exotic and native animals in a natural habitat, roaming over 3,000 acres of Oklahoma wilderness. Not surprisingly, this southeastern Oklahoma ranch has become a favorite destination for photographers and nature lovers as well as hunters from across the globe.

To date nearly thirty different species can be found on the ranch. (And if that's not enough, there are even more species to enjoy in the world-class trophy room of  the Triple S Ranch lodge.) The Triple S goal is to have wildlife from each and every continent from around the world, and we are quickly nearing that goal.


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Addax
Native to Africa
Weight: 200 to 275 pounds
Gestation Period: 8 ½ months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 20-25 years
Horns: Both male and female (Average 28 ½”; Longest 40”)

Addax have broad, flat hooves with flat soles that help prevent them from sinking into the desert sand. In the winter the coats are dark grayish-brown and in the summer they become white. In warm weather, they dig deep depressions in the sand where they rest, and their preference is underneath boulders that give shade and protection from the hot desert sun and wind.   

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African Mountain Goat   
Native to West Africa
Weight: 35 - 80 pounds

Gestation Period: five months
Number of Young: 1-4
Maximum Age: 10-15 years

Horns: Both male and female although females tend to have much shorter  horns
The African Mountain Goat originally came from West and Central Africa.  Short and compact billys usually have a luxurious coat with a flowing mane over the shoulders and a long beard. They come in many colors. The billy's horns usually grow up and back and are quite thick. Horns from an African Mountain Goat Billy that measure 20 inches long are considered an exceptional trophy.

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Angora Goat
Native to Turkey
Weight: 75 to 125 pounds

Gestation Period: 148 days
Number of Young: 1, twins not as usual as with other goat breeds
Maximum Age: 10-15 years

Horns: Both male and female
The Angora is very picturesque animal and both sexes are horned. The males usually have a pronounced spiral to the horn, which comes back and away from the head; the horns of mature males sometimes reach two or more feet in length.  In contrast, the horn of the female is comparatively short, much smaller, and has only a very slight tendency to spiral. The horn of the female seldom exceeds nine or ten inches. The ears are heavy and drooping. Their long flowing hair is usually white in color.

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Aoudad
Native to Africa
Weight: 150-300 pounds
Gestation Period: 5 ½ -6 months
Number of Young: One to two
Maximum Age: 10 - 15 years
Horns: Both sexes- average mid 20”, longest 35”

Aoudad are wild sheep of northern Africa. Their long, thick, curved horns are very impressive. Their hair is sandy brown with long beard type hair on the bottom of their neck and on the front of their front legs. The Aoudad stand 30-40 inches at the shoulder and weigh from 100-300 pounds. This is a magnificent animal which is usually mounted in a half body to show off its beautiful long flowing chaps down the front legs. Don't let its majestic look fool you. It is one of the most difficult exotic animals to harvest. They are also called Barbary sheep but are closer related to a goat. The males have a strong scent, make grunting sounds, and have outstanding climbing ability.

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Axis Deer
Native to India
Weight: 150 to 200 pounds
Gestation Period: 7 ½ months
Number of Young: One (twins are rare)
Maximum Age: 9 to 13 years
Antlers: Males only

Originally from India, the Axis deer's unique bright reddish coat marked with white spots make it one of the most beautiful of all the deer species. A large buck can weigh up to 250 pounds with a beautiful six by six antler configuration that is upwards of 30 inches or more. The antlers are not dropped in a specific season. Instead, the bucks shed their antlers on their birthdays with rut taking place from July until September. This makes the Axis the only deer where both hard-horned and velvet bucks exist at the same time.  Cautious-natured Axis deer are elusive and can be a great challenge to even the experienced hunter. Axis meat is delicious.

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Barasingha
Native to India
Weight: 370 to 400 pounds
Gestation Period: 8 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 20 years
Antlers: Males only

The Barasingha is a species of deer, native to India. The most striking feature of a Barasingha is its antlers, with 10-14 tines on a mature stag, though some have been known to have up to 20. Their name is derived from this and means 12 tined or horned in Hindi. Barasingha shed their antlers in January-February and have a very heavy winter coat. They have a docile nature and are not very social. The Barasingha can be found in a wide range of habitats, especially preferring marshes, where it can be highly aquatic, and grassy areas close to the water.

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Barbado Sheep
Native to West Indies
Weight: 90 for ewes, 150 for rams

Gestation Period: 5 months
Number of Young: twins about 4 out of 5 times and triplets are not uncommon
Maximum Age: 10-15 years

Horns: both male and female; males are larger
The Barbados breed were originally developed in the West Indies island of Barbados from hair sheep brought in by African slave traders during the 1600s. Barbado rams are most noted for the regal rack of horns, and some ewes may also have small horns. The horns were gained by crossbreeding Barbados Blackbelly with Mouflon and Rambouillet early after they were imported into the United States.  The rams with large horn curl are highly prized by exotic game hunters.

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Blackbuck Antelope
Native to India and Pakistan
Weight: 50-100 pounds
Gestation Period: 5-6 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum age: 10 years
Horns: Males (spiral shaped) up to 28"

Blackbuck antelope have a black coat with white under parts and the dominant male is usually the darkest. The females and young males are yellowish-brown. During mating season the males will strut with a comical mincing gait with their heads tossed upward and their horns flattened along their backs. The blackbuck's long, ringed horns spiral with three to four turns and range in length from 7 inches to 24 inches or more of straight-line measurement. The males are born light brown then grow blacker on their backs as they grow older and in winter. Males stand about 32 inches tall at the shoulders and weigh between 71 and 100 pounds. Female blackbuck antelope are smaller, are beige or light brown and usually do not usually have horns, however, if they do, the horns are not ringed and spiraled as the males are. Blackbuck antelope are some of the fastest animals on earth and can outrun almost any other animal over long distances. They can run almost 50 miles per hour when necessary.

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Black Hawaiian Sheep
Hybrid that has was made popular around 1970 in Texas
Weight: Female 75 pounds, Rams to 130-160 pounds
Gestation Period: 6 months
Number of Young: 1 or 2

Maximum Age: 10-15 years
It is believed that Black Hawaiians are a cross from a feral Hawaiian sheep and that sailors put these sheep off in the Hawaiian Islands so they could have fresh meat when they returned. These feral sheep were crosses from sheep imported to Hawaii and Mouflon. Like many of the hair type sheep in the US, they were originally imported to improve the domestic sheep, either through higher fecundity, non-seasonal breeding, higher tolerance to parasites, higher vigor, etc. Over the years, they were crossed with sheep (Merino, Mouflon, etc.) that had horns to be used in the hunting market. They are not classified as a breed unto themselves yet, but within the exotic and hunting market they are. The horns on Black Hawaiian Rams can curl out 40 inches or more. The color of the ram is black with some rams having a little white on the muzzle around the nose and sometimes have an outer coat of reddish wool. The horns are usually dark and grow up, back, down, forward, up, and out. A male can have horns that weigh 30 pounds, which is more than all the bones in his body combined. There are fewer Black Hawaiian Rams than the other sheep species. They can have a thick, nice beard on their neck.

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Blesbok
Native to South Africa
Weight: 120 to 180 pounds
Gestation Period: 8 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum age: 13 years
Horns: Both sexes- longest 20"

These antelope are dark brown with clearly contrasting white under parts and white-masked face divided by a brown line above the eyes at the forehead. Many consider them the fastest of the South African antelope. When alarmed they stand in a curiously stiff and constrained attitude with the head held high, the neck erect and the forelegs and hind legs spread wide apart.

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Blue Wildebeest
Native to Africa
Weight: 350-500 pounds
Gestation Period: 8 ½ months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 20 years
Horns: Both sexes

The Blue Wildebeest, also called the Common Wildebeest, is a large antelopeand one of two primary species of wildebeest. They range the open plains and woodlands of Southern and East Africa, realizing a life span in excess of twenty years. This Wildebeest's general coloration is grayish silver with brownish bands on the neck, shoulders, and forepart of the body and the face, mane, beard, and tail are black. This herbivore is a grazing animal that is often sighted in open grasslands or clearings in a savanna. The male is highly territorial using scent markings and other devices to protect his domain. The largest population is in the Serengeti, numbering over one million animals.

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Bobwhite Quail
Native to America
Weight: up to 1 pound
Incubation Period: 23 days
Number of Young: 9-12 eggs
Maximum Age: 5-10 years

The popular Bobwhite Quail is a favorite of game bird breeders, hunters and bird lovers alike. Bobwhites are distinguished by a dark cap stripe behind the eye along the head, black in males and brown in females. The area in between is white on males and yellow-brown on females. The body is brown, speckled in places with black or white on both sexes. The Bobwhite's song is a rising, clear whistle, bob-White! or bob-bob-White! The call is most often given by males in spring and summertime. These plump little birds have the most widespread range of any quail species, with almost 20 subspecies ranging from Canada to southern Mexico.

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Buffalo/Bison
Native to North America
Weight: Up to 2,500 pounds
Gestation Period: 8 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum age: 20 years
Horns: Both sexes-longest 20"

The buffalo are the largest mammal on the North American continent. Its two subspecies are the Plains Bison (flat backs) and the Wood Bison (large humped back). The bulls utter a rumbling roar during mating season (May-September) and possess an unpredictable nature. Bison lose their shaggy, dark brown winter coat for a lightweight, light brown summer coat. Bison can reach over 6 feet tall and 10 feet long weighing over 2,000 pounds. The heads and forequarters are massive, and both male and female have short, curved horns used for defense and fighting for status among the herd. The mating season in August and September will yield a single reddish-brown calf the following spring. The calf will nurse for one year and reach maturity at 2 years of age. They have amazing mobility, speed and agility and are able to sprint at speeds of 30 mph. Today, bison are noted for their hides and meat, which is lower in fat and cholesterol than beef.

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Catalina Goat
Native to California Coast
Weight: up to 175 pounds with the female weighing 80 pounds
.
Gestation Period: 5 months
Number of Young: 1, 2 or 3

Maximum Age: 10-15 years
Horns: both male and female
The Catalina Goat is one of the most frequently hunted exotic game species as their horns grow extremely wide making very impressive trophy mounts. The Catalina goat was brought into the United States with the Spanish explorers who turned these goats loose on the coast of California on what is now known as the Catalina Island. They did this to have a fresh source of meat when they came inland to rest and relax. Catalina goats come in a variety of colors. This goat will be black, brown, reddish brown, or white on most animals, however, other colors are not uncommon. The outer hair is typically course, and both males and females may have a beard. The males have large horns that grow up and back from the head in large twists...the horn spread can be 30 to 40 inches, and horn length averages 20-30 inches. The record Catalina Goat has horns in excess of 50 inches. Females are typically hornless, but may have short curved cones of 3 to 6 inches.

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Corsican Ram
Native to West Indies
Weight: to 125 pounds
Gestation Period: 6 months
Number of Young: 1 or 2

Maximum Age: 12 years
Horns: Up to 40", some females may have small horns
The Corsican Sheep has been called the poor man's Bighorn Sheep and is probably the most hunted of all the exotics in the United States. Originally from the West Indies the Corsican will usually be brown with a light colored belly. Males will often have long black hair on the neck that many call a ruff. The horn configuration on a ram can vary from a tight curl similar to a Mouflon sheep or a wide and flaring horn configuration. Horn lengths on a trophy-sized animal start at about 30 inches and exceptional specimens can grow horns that up to the 40 inch mark.

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Eastern & Rio Grande Turkey
Eastern Turnkey are native to eastern USA from Oklahoma east
Rio Grand Turkey are native to Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas, Colorado, Mexico
Weight: 14 to 25 pounds
Length: Length (bill to tail) 48"-50" 

Height: 36 - 40 inches tall
Number of Young: 6-10
Wingspan: 50"-56"  
The turkey is the largest game bird in North America. The Rio Grande turkey is slightly smaller than the Eastern turkey. They are a stout bird with a bluish-gray naked head and pink neck. During courtship, the tom's head color can vary from white to light gray, deep blue or bright red depending on mood. The throat wattles are red and the body is covered with iridescent feathers. tom's tail fan is edged in light tan or buff. The rump is glossy black with the upper rump feathers (coverts) buff to cinnamon. The turkey hen is usually slate gray. It can travel up to 20 miles to find a nesting site. In the wild, turkeys are gregarious and winter in very large flocks. Turkey legs are pinkish to gray or black and males have spurs (females rarely have spurs). Although they do not have ear lobes or flaps to funnel in sound waves, hens and gobblers have acute hearing. They easily hear the calling of another turkey or a hunter, and pinpoint the source of the sounds with remarkable precision. Slapping brush, heavy footsteps or the metallic click of a shotgun's safety can send a gobbler ducking for cover.

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Eland
Native to Africa
Weight: 1,000 to 2000 pounds
Gestation Period: 9 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 25 years
Horns: Both sexes-longest 30” to 50” in different sub-species

The Common Eland, also known as the Southern Eland, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. Elands are quite bovine and are the largest of the antelope family. These large and muscular African antelope produce excellent milk, adapt and mate well in captivity. In the former Soviet Union, they are raised like cattle. The name "Eland" is derived from the Dutch word for moose. Eland meat is delicious.

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Elk
Native to North America
Weight: up to 1,100 pounds
Gestation Period: about 8 1/2 months
Number of Young: one or two
Maximum Age: 10 to 15 years
Antlers: Males only; shed each year

Elk can be distinguished by their large size, brown or tan bodies, and yellowish-brown tail and rump patch. They have thick necks and slender legs and can stand as tall as 5 feet at the shoulder. Their long legs enable them to run as fast as 35 miles per hour. Males weigh from 600 to 1,100 pounds and have six-tined antlers that can grow up to 5 feet long. Antlers begin growing in early spring and fall off in winter. The females are smaller, about 400 to 500 pounds, and lack antlers. Mating season is in September and October. The location of the Elks’ eyes on their head allows them to see almost directly behind them. However, they have little depth perception, only in a small area in front of their nose. In addition to eating leaves and bark from trees, elk use seedlings to mark their territory. Males strip off bark with their antlers, and females pull off bark with their teeth. Then both males and females rub the seedlings with chins and muzzles to cover the plants with their scent. Elk can live in many different environments.

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Emu
Native to Australia
Weight: 120 pounds
Incubation Period: 52 days
Number of Young: 9-12 eggs
Maximum Age: 5-10 years
Emu is the common name for members of a genus of large, flightless birds, of which only one species survives. Next to ostriches, emus are the largest of birds. Their hair-like body feathers are dull brown and the naked parts of the head and neck are grayish-blue. The eggs are very large and dark green, and are incubated entirely by the male, which also cares for the chicks. Emus can travel great distances at a fast, economical trot and, if necessary, can sprint at 30 mph for some distance at a time. Emus are farmed for their meat, oil, and leather.

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Fallow Deer
Native to most of Europe
Weight: 130-220 pounds
Gestation Period 7 ½ months
Number of Young: One usually
Maximum Age: 11-15 years
Antlers: Males only- average 20” longest 30”

The Fallow Deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the Cervidae family. They are grazing animals; their preferred habitat is mixed woodland and open grassland. These deer have flattened palmate antlers can have 20 points or more, which makes them a favorite trophy for worldwide hunters. Fallow deer come in an array of colors: tan/brown spotted, white, and chocolate. The bucks and does live apart until the mating season, which is usually in October; in June the does usually bear one fawn, but sometimes two or even three.

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Gemsbok Oryx
Native to Africa
Weight: males 500 pounds, females 400 pounds

Gestation Period: 9 months
Number of Young: one
Maximum Age: 20 years
Horns: both sexes have horns - up to 40+ inches

The Gemsbok is a very striking animal with dramatic features and long spear like horns. It has a thick horse-like neck with a short mane that runs from the head to the shoulders and a compact, muscular body. The distinctive black and white face markings are said to have contributed to their name Gemsbok, given to them by the Boers, which means chamois. There is white around the nose and mouth, black on top of the muzzle, which joins a black band that runs from in front of the ear through the eyes to the middle of the lower jaw. The ears end in a black tip and there is a narrow black stripe down the spine, a black patch on top of the rump and a black tail. There is also a black band that separates their gray-fawn colored flanks and the white under parts. All four legs are black on their top half, with white below the knees and black patches on the shins. Males and females are difficult to tell apart. Their horns are long and extend straight back from the head and diverge rather widely at the tips. Female horns tend to be more slender and slightly longer than males and are sometimes curved and more parallel. The tips are pointed and sharp and native Africans used the tips for spear points. The horns are ringed but are smooth near the tips. The horns of the calves grow extremely fast and when they emerge from concealment after birth their horns are very evident. This has lead to the myth that a Gemsbok is born with horns.

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Greater Kudu
Native to Africa
Weight: 385 to 600 pounds
Gestation Period 7 to 9 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 20 years (10 to 15 in the wild)
Horns: Males only- average 48”; longest over 60”

The Greater Kudu is the most majestic member of the antelope family. They have a narrow body with long legs, and their coats can range from brown/bluish-grey to reddish-brown. They possess between 4–12 vertical white stripes along their torso. Their head tends to be darker in color than the rest of the body, and exhibits a small white chevron which runs between their eyes. This graceful animal can leap great heights. The males' horns begin formation of their first spiral at 2 years. The full development of horns, 2 ½ spirals, will occur at 6 years of age, with 50 inch horn length being trophy and 60 inch being high record book. They may be the most elusive antelope in all the world.

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Ibex
Native to Asia and the Middle East
Weight: Females 55 to 90 pounds, Males 100 to 160 but can exceed 225 pounds
Gestation Period: 5 months
Number of Young: One or two
Maximum Age: 15-20 years
Horns: Both sexes- average 20”; longest over 50”

The ibex is a species of wild goats and are animals of mountain habitats. They are very agile and hardy, able to climb on bare rock and survive on sparse vegetation. The ibex goat primarily hails from Asia. The most common Ibex is brown with a distinctive black band around the shoulders. Nubian, Persian, Siberian, Alpine and Spanish are the most often seen of the numerous subspecies of Ibex. Horns are large and scimitar-shaped and make a magnificent silhouette, ranging from 26 to 50 inches. Cross bred Ibex also provide a less expensive option and come in different color phases, which has become popular on US exotic ranches.

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Impala
Native to Africa
Weight: 100 to 145 pounds
Gestation Period: 6 to 7 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 12 years
Horns: Males only- average 20”; longest 30+”

These antelope are very graceful. They can jump as high as 10 feet and as far as 30 feet in a single bound. Females leave the herd to give birth. From the side, its tawny appearance hides its outline from predators. Its rear is marked with a black and white "flag" (which after giving a warning snort, they bound off flashing their hind quarters indicating the direction of escape to the others behind) to keep the herd together.

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Jacobs (Four Horned) Sheep
Native to the Middle East
Weight: Males from 120-180, Females 100 to 120 pounds

Gestation Period: 5 months
Number of Young: 1-3, often twins
Maximum Age: up to 15 years
Horns: Both sexes

The Jacobs Four Horned sheep is one of the oldest breeds of sheep and has been traced back to the Mediterranean area thousands of years ago, although the exact country of origin is unknown, but is actually referenced in the Bible. Jacobs are long, wooly-bodied sheep with a triangular head and sloping rump. They are usually lacking wool on legs, udder/scrotum, and head. Adult rams can weigh between 120-180 pounds with the ewes weighing from 80-120 pounds. Both male and females are horned with the male horns being larger. Jacobs sheep can have as few as 2 horns or as many as 6 horns. The two vertical horns on rams may grow up to 30 inches or more. Their horns can grow in such unusual shapes and sizes that no two Jacobs ram horns are exactly alike, making for excellent one-of-a-kind trophies.

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Longhorn Cattle
Native Land: North America
Weight: 800-2,000 pounds.
Gestation Period: 11 months
Number of Young: One (twins are rare)
Maximum Age: 20-30 years
Horns: Male and Female

The Texas Longhorn is a breed of cattle known for its characteristic horns, which can exceed 7 feet tip to tip for steers. They are slim, long-legged cattle with light muscling, and each varies in coloring and markings. An individual animal may have areas of black, gray, brown and white. Others are mono-colored, or have patches, spots or brindling. Their horns are impressively long, spreading outward, and growing in different shapes, including the much-desired "Texas Twist".

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Merino Sheep
Native to Asia
Weight: Ewes from 125; rams up to 235

Gestation Period: five months
Number of Young: one or two
Maximum Age: 10 to 15 years
Horns: Both sexes; with the males up to 50 inches

The Merino (also called Rambouillet) is a large, attractive sheep best known for its beautiful white wool fleece. Throughout its existence, this breed has lived in a variety of different climates and adapted well to each of them. They are capable of living in both very hot weather, like that of North Africa and Spain, and very cold weather like that found in parts of Germany. Merinos have a very strong flocking instinct and they can be counted on to stay together, even in wide-open regions. Merino rams have some of the largest horns of all the exotic rams, but many hunters pass up on these magnificent animals because their wool can become dirty and discolored. Don't let that fool you, a good taxidermist can make the cape as white as snow and be one of the most spectacular mounts in your trophy room.

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Mouflon Sheep
Native to Greece
Weight: mature ram will weigh around 125 pounds
Gestation Period: 5 months
Number of Young: 1 to 3
Maximum Age: 15-20 years
Horns: both males and females have horns but males much larger

The Mouflon sheep came from the islands of Sardinia, Corsica, and Cyprus and is thought to be one of the two ancestors for all modern domestic sheep breeds. Now considered to be threatened in its native habitat, it was introduced into the mountains of Hungary, Austria and Czechoslovakia, and it was a successful experiment. Mouflon are a reddish brown color, marked with a dark stripe down the neck and shoulders. The Mouflon stands about 27 inches tall at the shoulders and develops a woolly undercoat in the winter. The horns of a Mouflon ram are heart-shaped with trophy quality rams having horns of 30 inches or more. It's also distinguished by the saddle-looking white spot on its back. The sheep usually live in groups of 20-30 and use those curved horns to protect themselves. A mountain sheep and a grazer, the animal warns other sheep by baaing in different tones.

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Nilgai Antelope
Native to India, Nepal and Pakistan
Weight:
Males up to 650 pounds; females up to 400 pounds
Gestation Period: a little over 8 months
Number of Young: twin births 60% of the time
Maximum Age: 10 to 12 in the wild
Horns: Primarily males although female horns do occur occasionally

The Nilgai is a large antelope that more resembles a horse than a bull in stature and body structure. Four to five feet tall at the shoulder, the Nilgai's shoulders are set higher than hindquarters giving a long, slanting appearance. Born brown, male coat color changes to blue-gray or charcoal as animal matures but the females remain brown. The narrow rump patch and throat bib are white, as well as 2 patches above each ankle and 2 small spots on check and jawline. Males grow sharp, devil-like horns that grow up and curve slightly forward. Average horn length is 6 to 10". Horn bases become more triangular with age. Bulls have a unique “beard” of hair that hangs from their neck that seems to resemble that found on a male turkey.  Nilgai meat is one of the tastiest in the world.

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Ostrich
Native Land: Africa
Weight: 200 to 300 pounds
Height: 6 to 8 feet
Incubation Period: 40 to 42 days

The ostrich, the only bird in the world with two toes, is a member of the Ratite family. The males are black with white wing tips and tail plumes. The females and young birds are a brownish-gray color. The hens have a common nest - the males sit on the nest at night and the females during the day. They can run at speeds up to 45 mph and can be very aggressive.

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Painted Desert Ram
Originated on Texas Game Ranches
Weight: up to 200 pounds

Gestation Period: 6 months
Number of Young: 1 or 2

Maximum Age: 12 years
Horns: both male and female although male horns are larger - up to 40"

The most recent addition to the Trophy Corsican Sheep scene is the Painted Desert sheep. These are Corsican sheep that are bi-, tri- and even quad-colored. Many consider this ram the most beautifully colored of all the exotic sheep. The Painted Desert Sheep is known primarily for the ram's ability to grow a trophy class set of horns. Rams weigh from 75 to 200 pounds and may be 30" or more at the shoulders. The rams will grow a luxuriant mane often beginning at the shoulders with a thick bib at the front of the neck.

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Pere David's Deer
Native to China
Weight: 200 to 500  
Gestation Period: 280 days
Number of Young: one or two
Maximum Age: 20 years

Antlers: Males only
The Pere David's Deer, or Milou, as a species is totally extinct in the Chinese wild. A French missionary named Father Armand David first discovered these deer in the Chinese Emperors hunting park, south of Peking in 1865. He sent specimens to Europe the following year and a breeding herd was later set up by the Duke of Bedford at Woburn Abbey. The entire Chinese herd was destroyed during the revolution in 1900, but the herd in England was successful and increased in size and eventually their descendents found their way into parks and zoos. Eventually some their offspring found their selves on some of the ranches in this country. This seeding of animals has grown on some ranches into herds large enough to sustain a huntable population. The Pere David has a longish tail and stands about 45 inches at the shoulder. Their color is a reddish gray, with a white underside and a white ring around the eyes. A large male will weigh upwards of 400 pounds with the female going up to 200 pounds.       The antler configuration is different in the Pere David than in most deer. Their antlers have forked brow tines and long slender back horns sometimes with many points off them. They are the only deer to grow antler tines backwards. Many say these animals have the body of a donkey, head of a horse, hoofs of a cow, neck of a camel and antlers of a deer.

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Red Stag (Red Deer)
Native to Europe
Weight: 400 to 600 pounds
Gestation Period: 7 ½ to 8 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 12 years
Antlers: Males only, shed each year

The size and antler mass of the Red Stag make it an extremely sought-after exotic trophy. Originally from Europe, this large animal with its beautiful reddish brown coat and crowned antlers makes a signature addition to any trophy room. A mature male will have antlers with 5 to 10 points per antler, and usually have a cluster of tines at the top, which are called crowns, making them one of the most majestic deer in the world. Mature males weigh over 400 pounds and females weigh about 250 pounds. Red deer are the European cousin of our North American elk.  During the rut, the male develops a lion-like roar with which he greets his challenger, which is very different from the whistle-like bugle of an elk.

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Ring-necked Pheasant
Native Land: Asia
Weight: males 41-46 oz, females 31-34 oz

Length: 30-66"
Nesting Period: peak April - June

Incubation Period: 23 days
Mating: Polygamous; one male breeds many females
Pheasant are large, colorful long-tailed birds with short, rounded and curved wings. Males are generally larger than females and are much more colorful. The tails is long and pointed, that of the female's being shorter than the male's. The male has a brilliant green head and white neck ring; the body of both sexes is a soft brown pattern with an iridescent russet. The call is a loud crowing followed by a resonant beating of the wings; when the pheasant is alarmed, it flies off with a loud cackle. There are nearly 50 species and even more subspecies of pheasant. Pheasants originated in Asia and in North America they have been widely introduced to many areas for sport hunting. All but one species of pheasant are still found in Asia. Most pheasants have long, strong legs with four-toed clawed feet. The legs and bill are adapted to scratching in the ground for food. When a pheasant senses danger it prefers to use its legs to flee, as although they are able to fly swiftly, they cannot sustain flight for very long. Male Pheasants often have spurs which are used in battles for dominance.  

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Russian Wild Boar
Native from France to Russia
Weight: up to 350 pounds for mature male
Gestation Period: 114 days
Number of Young: 4 to 5
Maximum Age: 15-20 years
The Russian Boar is brownish black with split hairs at the end. The snout is long and straight. Large males can have over 4 inches of tusks protruding from the lower jaw. A mature male can weigh well over 300+ pounds. Very aggressive, these are not domestic hogs, but wild beasts. The pure Russian Boar is a highly popular hunting trophy in the USA.

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Sable
Native to Africa
Weight: 450 pounds
Gestation Period: 9 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 18 years
Horns: Both sexes- average 30”, longest 50”

These animals have acute hearing and a highly developed sense of smell. The males darken as they mature. The females and young males are brownish-black in color. The sable rivals the Greater Kudu as most-handsome antelope, especially the male giant sable. Sable have a compact powerful build, thick neck enhanced by upstanding mane, and sturdy legs.

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Scimitar-Horned Oryx
Native to Africa
Weight: 220-400 pounds
Gestation Period: 8 ½ months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 18 years
Horns: Both sexes - average 30", longest 50"

The Scimitar Horned Oryx lives in the arid plains and deserts of North Africa. They have long, back-curved horns; it is light in color with dark patches on the face and legs. Oryx use their horns to protect themselves from predators, even spearing them to death. They are a threatened species and can be found in private herds in various parts of the world, but currently thriving on game ranches in the southern parts of the USA.

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Sika Deer
Native to China and Japan
Weight: 90 lbs

Gestation Period 7½ - 8 month:
Number of Young: 1 - twins are rare
Maximum Age: up to 20 years
Antlers: Males only, shed each year

Sika deer were originally from Japan and China. Smaller than the Axis and Fallow deer, the extremely aggressive Sika deer is dark brown and some can have white spots. Sika antlers range from 11" to 19" with exceptional racks up to 30" in length with 3 to 4 points branching off from the main beam. The female Sika deer have bumps on their heads where the males grow antlers. A trophy class Sika is usually a four by four antler configuration. With its thick mane, dark coat and white antlers you will not want to mistake this great animal for a small elk.

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Texas Dall Sheep
A hybrid Native to Texas
Weight: 75 to 160 pounds
Gestation Period: 6 months
Number of Young: one or two

Maximum Age: 10-15 years
Horns: both males and females have horns; males up to 40"

The Texas Dall Ram looks similar to the wild Alaskan Dall Ram, although the color of the Texas Dall can range from a milky white to a dull creamy white or peach color. A hybrid sheep that originated in Texas, it is believed to have originated as cross between an Alaska Dall and a Mouflon and this striking sheep is usually completely white.  Their huge horns grow up, out, down, forward, up, and out. This beautiful ram is one of the most popular hunting trophies of all the exotic sheep.

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Waterbuck
Native to Africa
Weight: 330-500 pounds
Gestation Period: 8 ½ months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 18 years
Horns: Males only- average 26”, longest 30 plus”

Waterbuck are unique because they have a white ring on their hindquarters, which provides a target for their young to follow in dense vegetation. They can stay in water for long periods of time. The long spiral structured horns which sweep back and up.  Their oily coats give off a strong odor and are reddish brown in color and become progressively darker with age; they have a white 'bib' under their throats and including that white ring on their rumps surrounding their tails. The waterproofing secretions of the waterbuck's sweat glands produces an unpleasant odor in its meat, unless the animal is skinned carefully.

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Water Buffalo
Native to Asia
Weight: 1,500 to 2,400 lbs
Gestation Period: 10 months 10 days
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 15-25 years
Horns: Both male and female

The Water Buffalo is usually black or gray in color. The horns sweep out and up much like the cape buffalo and mature males can weigh 1500 pounds. Living up to their name, water buffalo are apt to completely submerge themselves under water for a minute or longer. They are the largest members of the Bovini tribe, which includes yak, bison, African buffalo, and various species of wild cattle. The strength and power of this magnificent animal is incredible and they stand well over 5 feet tall at the shoulder. Both male and female water buffalo wear the species’ signature backward-curving horns, although the females’ horns are significantly smaller. Water buffalo are considered dangerous game, which makes hunting them one of the most thrilling experiences the hunting world has to offer.

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Watusi
Native to Africa
Weight: 900 to 1600

Gestation Period: 280-285 days
Number of Young:1
Maximum Age:20 years
Horns: Both sexes

Watusi cattle originated centuries ago in Africa and are known for their incredible horns - not only because of the length - up to six feet - but for the thick circumference. The animals' large horns are honeycombed with blood vessels, and are used to thermo-regulate in hot temperatures. Blood moving through the horns is cooled by moving air, and then flows back into the body and lowers the animal's body temperature. Newborn calves weigh just 30 - 50 pounds and remain small for several months. During the day, the calves sleep together, with an "auntie" cow nearby for protection. At night, the herd-members sleep together, with the calves in the center of the group for protection. The horns of the adults serve as formidable weapons against any intruders.

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Whitetail Deer
Native to North, Central and South America
Weight: 100 to 300+ pounds
Gestation Period: 200 to 205 days; most fawns born in May/June
Number of Young: One or two, normally, however triplets are not uncommon
Maximum Age: 8-12 years
Antlers: Males only; shed each year

The most abundant big game animal in North America, the whitetail deer is named for its signature tail and white under part and according to scientists there are actually 38 sub-species of whitetail Deer. A favorite with hunters for the trophy racks, whitetail can be elusive - running up to 40 miles per hour and able to nearly clear an 8 foot hurdle. Whitetail antler growth is usually complete by the end of August and the speed at which antlers grow makes them the fastest growing structures in the animal kingdom. A whitetail buck sheds his antlers every year, usually late-December through February. The members of the deer family are ruminants, having a four-compartmented stomach, which allows the deer to feed very rapidly. Not having a gall bladder allows them to eat vegetation that would kill domestic animals. Unregulated hunting and poor land-use practices severely depressed deer populations in the early 1900's and by about 1930 the U.S. population was thought to number about 300,000 animals. Recent estimates put the U.S. deer population at around 30 million animals, which makes for one of the most successful conservation stories in all the world.

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Wild Feral Hogs
Weight: up to 1,000+ pounds for mature male
Gestation Period:115 days
Number of Young: litters of 6-12
Maximum Age: 6 to 8 years
Feral hogs are domestic hogs that either escaped or were released for hunting purposes. With each generation, the hog's domestic characteristics diminish and they develop the traits needed for survival in the wild. Wild hogs continuously grow tusks that serve as weapons and burrowing tools. Wild hogs live in groups called sounders. Sounders typically contain around 20 animals, but groups of over 50 have been seen. In a typical sounder, there are two or three sows and their offspring; adult males are not part of the sounder outside of a breeding cycle, two to three per year, and are usually found alone. The sows usually have litters of 8-12 piglets. The wild hog will attack by charging if cornered or if they fear danger for their offspring. Meat from feral hogs is extremely tasty and much leaner than pen-raised pork.

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Yak
Native to Asia
Weight: up to 2,400 pounds
Gestation Period: 8 1/2 months
Number of Young:1
Maximum Age: 20 to 25 years
Horns: Both sexes

The yak is a long-haired bovine found throughout the Himalayan region of south central Asia and as far north as Mongolia and Russia. Wild yak are commonly called the Chinese buffalo and can weigh up to 2,600 pounds and have a head and body length of 9 to 11 feet. They usually travel in herds of between 10 and 30 animals. Yak are insulated by dense, close, matted under-hair as well as their shaggy outer hair and secrete a special sticky substance in their sweat which helps keep their under-hair matted and acts as extra insulation. This secretion is used in traditional medicine. So many wild yak have been killed for food by hunters in China that they are now a vulnerable species.

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Zebra
Native to Africa
Weight: 600 pounds
Gestation Period: 12 months
Number of Young: One
Maximum Age: 20+ years

Zebras are African equine best known for their distinctive white and black stripes. No two zebras have the same exact stripe pattern. Their prints are even different on opposite sides of the body. Some people believe that the stripes of the Zebra simulate the bars of sunlight falling through the tall jungle grasses and therefore the Zebra can be invisible under the right weather conditions. The males are called stallions and females mares and babies foals. They call to each other using barking sounds. They are very aggressive and have a much meaner bite than their cousin the horse. There are four primary species of zebra: Grants, Burchell, Grevy and Hartman's Mountain.


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